Importance of Testing
Cannabis testing is important for growers, processors, and consumers, with safety and efficacy being paramount. Cannabis is primarily tested for safety reasons to ensure that consumers are receiving a product that is safe to consume and accurately labeled. In addition, consumers may look for a specific potency or a certain terpene profile that gives them a desired effect. Growers and processors use testing results to improve their processes and monitor product quality versus state specific regulatory requirements that could cause their products to pass or fail.
Cannabinoids are among the active ingredients that contribute to many of the medicinal properties of cannabis; therefore, knowing a complete cannabinoid profile helps consumers determine the potency and medicinal benefits of the product. Studies have shown cannabinoids reduce anxiety, reduce inflammation, control nausea and stimulate appetite.
Terpenes are chemical compounds and, like cannabinoids, have medicinal properties. Terpenes are the fragrant oils that gives cannabis strains their distinct color and fragrance. Below are some examples of Terpenes and their possible benefits:
- Pinene gives a fresh pine smell and studies have suggested is contains anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antiseptic and bronchodilator properties.
- Limonene usually occurs in small quantities, but studies have shown it may help relieve gastric reflux and heartburn.
- Myrcene has been known to constitute up to half of the total terpene content found in cannabis strains. Studies performed have suggested that this terpene has anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antimutagenic and sedative properties.
Proper dosing is vital to any treatment plan so ensuring accuracy in product labeling and formulation is critical for all cannabis consumers.